Culture Media Used in Pharmaceutical Microbiology

 Culture Media Used in Pharmaceutical Microbiology


Microbiologists operating nowadays have appreciable selection within the vary and sort of culture media out there to them. This has mostly arisen from the enlargement of biology from medicine in its time period to agriculture, food producing, water production and pharmaceutical applications, with every discipline having its specific and individual requirements for culture media. the look and ulterior development of culture media have mostly mirrored these needs, however have additionally been influenced by the introduction of selective and differential indicator media, containing associate array of inhibitory substances in varied quantities and mixtures. additionally, culture media, initially developed for a specific demand, have generally later been with success adopted to be used in different disciplines of biology. within the case of pharmaceutical microbiology, however, a rather a lot of conservative approach has been appropriated the introduction of latest media; the vary of media used has remained mostly consistent over the years, doubtless reflective partly accumulation recommendations.  


There is no universal medium that's able to support the expansion of all microorganisms. Equally, several environments—including on the face of it hostile ones like pharmaceutical products—will offer adequate  nutrients to vary designated   microorganisms to grow. Even H2O contains adequate  organic refer support the enlargement of Burkholderia cepacia (previously cited as genus Pseudomonas cepacia) to high numbers once command at temperature over style of days (Eisman et al., 1949). In order to survive, micro-organisms have to be compelled to derive all their cellular constituents from their immediate surroundings. this is able to presumably vary from an easy salts answer to an advanced and lengthy list of formulation components. energy supply among the sort of carbohydrates and often glucose.

A chemically defined culture medium may contain the following:

• amino-nitrogen nutrient supply among the sort of peptones, all completely different compound hydrolysates or extracts which might provides a supply of carbon, N and energy;

• growth-promoting factors, like blood, serum, vitamins, are needed for the expansion of fastidious organisms;

• metals and mineral salts, such as Ca, Mg, Fe+++, Mn+++, trace metals, phosphates and sulphates. These inorganic parts are different at macro or little levels to strengthen microbial growth or population yield;

• buffer salts, among the sort of acetates, citrates, phosphates, can maintain cation concentration stability where fermentation occurs.


• indicator dyes, like Bromo cresol purple, neutral red or phenol red can indicate a shift in media cation concentration, following the expansion of micro-organisms. The concentration of these agents is vital, since they are going to be virulent to some organisms;

• selective agents, i.e. varied antibiotics, chemicals (such as variety eighty 3 sulphite, cetrimide, lithium chloride, metal tellurite, variety eleven selenite, tetrathionate), inhibitory dyes (such as acriflavine, anthelmintic, good green) are different to suppress the expansion of unwanted organisms, and at identical time promote the expansion of desired organisms. The concentration of those is additionally critical;

• gelling agent, i.e. agar, is different to grant a solid inert gel on that organisms will grow in separate colonies. among the case of a pour plate substance technique, the thawed  agar retains distributed organisms among its matrix till the gel sets.

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